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Monthly Archives: April 2021

On April 20th class 3g attended a very exceptional meeting on the Zoom platform. Students had a possibility to talk with the US Consul for Press and Culture, whose name is Amy Steinmann. The meeting took place thanks to the initiative of Professor Marzena Kossak-Wąchała and Professor Marta Leśniak. What’s more, this event was held as a part of the ‘’Meet America” program organised by US Embassy and the American Center Krakow.

The first point of the meeting was a presentation about cultural differences all over the world (including differences between USA and Poland), which was made by Mrs. Consul. It must be mentioned how well she was prepared. Never before had I seen such an interesting presentation. It started with an explanation of the concept of culture and description of stereotypes as a social phenomenom. Then, we got to know something about low and high contexts cultures and the countries, where we can meet these concepts. For me, the most interesting was the topic of Mrs. Consul’s previous places of residence and many travels, which are related to her job. It is really impressive that she started her career as a consul in French Guiana! Then, she travelled to India a few times as a part of American-Indian cooperation. In the following years she became a consul in Germany and afterwards in Russia. Finally, she arrived in Poland in order to take up the position of the US Consul for Press and Culture in Cracow. Despite her many journeys, she considers her visit in Poland as the greatest one. This is due to the wonderful and hospitable people she has met here. At the end Mrs. Consul  answered our bothering questions. We were given some facts about American customs and a stereotypical citizen. Other questions were related to the education system, law in every state, cuisine and tourism, but we also asked about her job and private life.

 It was a great experience to hear about America from a person who lived and was brought up there. I my jugdement it is incredible how much we could have learnt within this 45-minute lecture. Not only was it educational but also interesting and enternaining.  All of us were very glad to have such a great opportunity  to commune with culture and foreign language.

Written by Oliwia Lizurej from 3g, edited by Mrs Marzena Kossak-Wąchała.




Finally, after a long year of everything being shut down due to the coronavirus epidemic we get to see the big return. More and more countries decide to lift the restrictions with the citizens getting vaccinated, with hopes to revive the economy. So, what has happened until now, and what will happen eventually with all the restrictions. Of course keep in mind – everything may change depending on the situation.

The British government has published a roadmap which will determine what, and when will change. Of course everything depends on where you live. Let’s take a look at what has changed, and what will change.



  • Step 1: 8th March
  • Schools and colleges are open for all students. Practical Higher Education Courses.
  • Recreation or exercise outdoors with a household or one other person. No household mixing indoors.
  • Wraparound childcare.
  • Stay at home.
  • Funerals (30), wakes and weddings (6)

    

29th March:

  • Rule of 6 or two households outdoors. No household mixing indoors.
  • Outdoor sport and leisure facilities.
  • Organised outdoor sport allowed (children and adults).
  • Minimise travel. No holidays.
  • Outdoor parent & child groups (up to 15 parents).



  • Step 2: 12th April
  • Rule of 6 or two households outdoors. No household mixing indoors.
  • Outdoor attractions such as zoos, theme parks and drive-in cinemas.
  • Libraries and community centres.
  • Personal care premises.
  • All retail.
  • Outdoor hospitality.
  • All children’s activities, indoor parent & child groups (up to 15 parents).
  • Domestic overnight stays (household only).
  • Self-contained accommodation (household only).
  • Funerals (30), wakes, weddings and receptions (15).
  • Minimise travel. No international holidays.
  • Event pilots begin.
  • Indoor leisure (including gyms) open for use individually or within household groups.



That’s what happened so far. As we can see slowly everything seems to be going back to pre-covid state. Most notably schools being reopened, also many facilities are opening up for customers which I would personally consider as a huge step towards normalcy. But let’s see what awaits.



  • Step 3: 17th May

    
  • Indoor entertainment and attractions.
  • 30 person limit outdoors. Rule of 6 or two households (subject to review).
  • Domestic overnight stays.
  • Organised indoor adult sport.
  • Most significant life events (30).
  • Remaining outdoor entertainment (including performances).
  • Remaining accommodation.
  • Some large events (expect for pilots) – capacity limits apply.
  • Indoor events: 1,000 or 50%.
  • Outdoor other events: 4,000 or 50%.
  • Outdoor seated events: 10,000 or 25%.
  • International travel – subject to review.



  • Step 4: 21 June
  • No legal limits on social contact
  • Nightclubs.
  • Larger events.
  • No legal limit on life events.

As we can see many restrictions are yet to be lifted but we can be optimistic for the future. The great news is that the world is recovering from COVID-19 and soon everything may be back to normal, thanks to vaccines. For now, let’s enjoy a drink with Boris Johnson and stay safe!

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is uk.jpg



 Sources:

Written by Konrad Błosiński from 3b.

 


It always takes some time from the monarch’s death to his funeral. This break allows you to carefully prepare for the funeral ceremony. National mourning is declared in Great Britain, flags are lowered pending and the queen (or king) suspends the service. There is no set time frame when it comes to shifts, the occupied days take care of from time to time.

There are many well-known diplomatic protocols in the Royal family. Even the outfit matters. All participants of the ceremony must wear black. Special mourning bands are also obligatory. An interesting fact that I found is that the royal family always has a set of black clothes with them, even when traveling. If they receive unpleasant news while abroad, the protocol requires immediate changing of clothes.

The coffin with the body is usually on display at the Palace of Westminster a few days before the funeral so that anyone willing can say goodbye to the deceased and pay tribute. Unfortunately, due to the situation related to the virus, Prince Philip’s funeral did not take place under standard conditions.

Prince Philip died at the age of 99, shortly after returning from the hospital, where he underwent heart surgery. Last Saturday, April 17, the Prince’s funeral was attended by the immediate family. The ceremony was not state-owned due to the prevailing restrictions, as well as the last will of the deceased.

The funeral was broadcast on stations all over the world, so we could see for ourselves what the centuries-old funeral traditions look like. Volleys of honor announcing and ending the minutes of silence, dress codes for presenters and British TV presenters, dress code at the funeral, formation of a funeral procession .

People magazine reports that the Queen – unlike the ruling monarchs – breaks with the tradition of using mourning stationery with a black border. The palace confirmed that the queen will soon use a specially designed stationery with a black coat of arms instead of a red one. It is said that this minor but noticeable change is a nod to Prince Philip, who was not concerned with conventions, and in particular with the rigid protocol in force after the death of a member of the Royal family. Remember that the Prince personally participated in the creation of the plan in the event of his death. He himself took care of how the family would prepare his funeral.

news prepared by Aleksandra Mostowska from 3 b, edited by Ms J. Wołkowicka

http://www.express.co.uk

http://www.bbc.com.uk

www.parade.com

www.graziamagazine.com


On the 9th April 2021, Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II passed away at the age of 99. He was one of the longest-living members of British Royal Family. In light of the sad news  let’s take a closer look back at his life.

Prince Philip was born  on June 10th 1921, in Corfu, Greece.  He was the son of Princess Alice and Prince Andrew. Thanks to his descent he became the prince of both Greece and Denmark. On 27th September 1922 Philip’s uncle and a high commander of the Greek expeditionary force, King Constantine I was blamed for the defeat in greco -turish war and he was forced to abdicate.  The military government arrested Prince Andrew and in December, a revolutionary court banished him from Greece for life. Philip’s family went to France where they settled in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud.

Initially, Prince attended to school in Paris but afterwards under the care of his aunts and uncles, Philip was sent to study at British Cheam School in 1928.

In the meantime prince Philip’s mother was made to treat in a psychiatric institution because of her mental disease while his father moved to the south of France.

The Prince remarked later on: “The family broke up. My mother was ill, my sisters were married, my father was in the south of France. I just had to get on with it. You do. One does.”

After graduating from Chean School, he got into Schule Schloss Salem in Germany. A year later, he undertook studying at a boarding school in Scotland.

While he was there he had to measure with lots of tragedies – many members of his family died. His sister with her family had a plane crush and at a later time the Prince’s uncle died suddenly of cancer.

When Philip left school he joined to the Royal Navy College where he excelled. It can be described as a milestone of his life because the breakthrough meeting with Elizabeth II took place then. He started military service and at the begining of the 1940s he was on board HMS Ramillies in the Indian Ocean and HMS Valiant where he took part in the Battle of Crete. In 1942 he was promoted to lieutenant.

After the war, he started working at the Officers’ School in Corsham taking his mother’s surname, Mountbatten. At that time he used to keep in touch with his future wife Elizabeth II, who changed his life forever…

Sources:

https://bit.ly/2P4qi7O

Książę Filip

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Philip-duke-of-Edinburgh

https://www.townandcountrymag.com/society/a10267489/young-prince-philip-childhood/

https://www.wprost.pl/swiat/10437293/ksiaze-filip-nie-zyje-kim-byl-biografia-malzonka-elzbiety-ii.html

Photos:

https://www.harpersbazaar.com/celebrity/latest/g10000618/prince-philip-photos/

Written by Patrycja Miśkiewicz from 3g, edited by MS M.Kossak


    Elisabeth and Philip first met when they were only a few years old children during the wedding of Marina – the princess of Greece, who was his cousin with George – Duke of Kent – Elizabeth’s uncle. Five years later, in 1939, when the future Queen of Great Britain was 13, they met again at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth. Supposedly, it was then that Elizabeth II fell in love with her future husband. It was then that they started writing their first letters to each other. The royal couple were not thrilled about their daughter’s romance with Philip, especially since his family had ties to the Nazi regime. Despite the lack of sympathy for Philip, George VI with his wife Elizabeth I (mother of Elizabeth II) invited him to Balmoral Castle. The young officer became engaged to Elizabeth II – they publicly announced it on June 10, 1947. Their wedding took place on November 20, 1947. The couple spent a lot of time in Malta as Filip continued his military service there. In the meantime, he was made Duke of Edinburgh, giving him the title on the occasion of his wedding.

Queen Elizabeth II, as Princess Elizabeth, and her husband the Duke of Edinburgh, styled Prince Philip in 1957, on their wedding day. She became queen on her father King George VI’s death in 1952. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

      There were no scandals in the married life of Philip and Elizabeth, or they were carefully hidden.There have been many rumors that Prince Philip would be cheating on the Queen, but none have ever been confirmed. Philip himself once asked a rhetorical question: “How could I ever betray the queen?”, To which he immediately replied: “But she couldn’t repay me with the same!”.

      Although the Queen wears the crown, historians say Philip was in charge. The marriage has four children, from the eldest: Charles – Prince of Wales, who is now the first heir to the throne, Anne- royal princess, Andrew- Duke of York, Edward- Earl of Wessex.It was Prince Phillip who took over the responsibility of raising children, and replaced the stiff court etiquette with a bit of slack. He was always two steps behind his spouse, but he had never been in her shadow. He was known for his spectacular blunders and specific sense of humor. Turns out the royal staff loved him!  According to biographers, Elizabeth was always serious, and Prince Philip – impatient and explosive.

Prince Philip died on 09.04.2021 at the age 99 years old.

Prince Philip and Elizabeth II had been together for 73 years.


Sources:
https://kobieta.onet.pl/wiadomosci/ksiaze-filip-nie-zyje-jak-wygladalo-jego-zycie-i-malzenstwo/zvwn5e4

https://www.dw.com/pl/ksi%C4%85%C5%BC%C4%99-filip-zmar%C5%82-w-wieku-99-lat/a-57147362

https://kronikidziejow.pl/porady/krolowa-elzbieta-i-ksiaze-filip-zdrady-skandale-kulisy-malzenstwa/

https://londynek.net/czytelnia/Skandale+rodziny+krolewskiej+biuro,/czytelnia/article-o?jdnews_id=4541932

Written by Oliwia Karczewska from 3b, edited by Ms M.Kossak.