Never before has the problem of Brexit been so considerable. Recently, the process of British leaving the structures of the European Union, known as Brexit, has become a hot topic. Theresa May turned out to be too flimsy. Her declarations of resignation seemed unsuccessful. For parliamentarians, nothing meant her threats that not accepting the contract could delay Brexit by up to five years. April 12 at 23:00 local time, the United Kingdom intends to leave the European Union. However, this is not the only scenario, because the Commons may once again, the fourth time, vote on the same contract.
The British had three options: to remain in the EU, to leave the EU, but on the regulations that the Union offers them or simply leave the Union without joining any conditions offered by the Union and bearing all the consequences of this undertaking. On March 29, 2019, the Commons by a margin of 58 votes for the third time rejected the 585-page agreement with the European Union regarding the exit from the Community. It is equivalent to leaving the EU without a contract. In order not to have a “Hard Brexit”, the United Kingdom would have to apply for an extension of membership, which would involve the organization of elections to the European Parliament in May 2019 and remain in the EU for up to 5 years. Due to the rejection of the contract, the head of the European Council, Donald Tusk, convened extraordinary sessions of the member states’ leaders on 10 April in Brussels.
What for the United Kingdom, the European Union, the whole continent and the world means “Hard Brexit”? Not only can we expect a decline in the value of pound by nearly 11 percent, the restoration of customs control and the need to have a passport when crossing the border, but also difficulties for transport companies and restoring restrictions on access to the British labor market. Customs control will increase the waiting time for a ferry from 6 to 8 hours. Consequently, it will lead to permanent congestion and paralysis of the port. The time of transport of goods to and from the continent will be prolonged, which may disrupt the supply of food and medicine to Great Britain. Due to the fact that Great Britain is the second largest recipient of Polish food, troubles will affect Polish suppliers of meat and dairy products. Undoubtedly, Brexit will also mean leaving Great Britain by many well-known companies, eg Honda, Nissan, Airbus – this may result in the loss of 65 thousand jobs in Poland. The European Health Insurance Card will no longer be valid in the UK, and British citizens will lose the right to free medical care on the continent. Driving licenses will no longer be accepted. According to analyzes of the Bank of England, “Hard Brexit” without agreement will cause the crisis and the recession of the British economy on a scale larger than the financial crisis of 2008.
Summing up, “Hard Brexit” seems to be a huge mystery. Nevertheless, it will certainly cause widespread chaos and significant obstacles for both the UK and EU countries. We will find out more soon…
News prepred by Aleksandra Pełka from 3g, edited by Mrs Marzena Kossak.