On April 21st, Queen of the United Kingdom – Elizabeth II celebrates her 92nd birthday.
Born in 1926, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary is already the longest-serving British monarch in history (66 years on duty ), she even surpassed her great–great–grandmother – Queen Victoria. Her coronation on June 2nd 1953 was watched in television by 27 million British people and listened in the radio by 11 millions.
Though, it is not the only day, when the Queen celebrates her birthday. She does it twice a year: once on 21 April (her actual birthday) and (usually) the second Saturday in June (her official birthday). This year it will be on 8 June.
The Queen usually spends her actual birthday privately, but the occasion is marked publicly by gun salutes in central London at midday: a 41 gun salute in Hyde Park, a 21 gun salute in Windsor Great Park and a 62 gun salute at the Tower of London.
On her official birthday, Her Majesty is joined by other members of the Royal Family at the spectacular Trooping the Colour parade.
Trooping the Colour is a parade with over 1400 soldiers, 200 horses and 400 musicians who come together in a great display to mark The Queen’s official birthday with all the pomp. The streets are filled with crowds waving flags and coming along with the parade that marches from the Buckingham Palace to The Mall to Horse Guard’s Parade. All this if finished by the RAF fly–pass, watched by Members of the Royal Family from Buckingham Palace balcony.
In celebration of Queen Elizabeth’s birthday, here are some interesting facts about her:
– during her reigns she paid 256 official visits in 129 countries
– she speaks French fluently
– she is a patron of more than 620 charity organisations
– she is the last British monarch who didn’t go to school
– as the first of all, she sent an e–mail (1976) and tweet (2014)
– she loves dogs (her favourite dog breed is the corgi)
– during her reigns she met 12 Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom
– her marriage with Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh last 71 years
– she loves Downton Abbey series
– she received more than 3000000 letters
– she is the only person in Great Britain who doesn’t have to have a driving licence
News prepared by Matylda Kalinowska from 3b, another final year student, who is about to take Matura exams on May. Good luck Matylda! and thanks for your cooperation!