On October 8th this year’s Nobel Peace Prize laureates were announced. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Psysiology or Medicine and Literature.
“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- – -/ one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel
Freedom of expression and freedom of the press are crucial for democracy and protection against war and conflict. The 2021 Peace Prize laureates are representative of all journalists who stand up for this ideal.
Maria Ressa uses freedom of expression to disclose abuse of power, use of violence and growing authoritarianism in her native country, the Philippines. She carries out vital investigative reporting on human rights violations in President Rodrigo Duterte’s deadly so-called war on drugs. As the co-founder and CEO of Rappler, an uncompromising online news site, she have documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate the society. Simply put, she is a global icon for press freedom.
https://youtu.be/-N9B8bBEli8- Hear Maria Ressa’s reaction when she hears the news from Olav Njølstad, Secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, on being awarded the 2021 Nobel peace Prize just before the public announcement.
Dmitry Muratovis defender of freedom of speech in Russia under increasingly challenging conditions. He is the editor-in-chief of Novaya Gazeta, the most independent newspaper in Russia today, that has published critical articles on subjects ranging from corruption, police violence, unlawful arrests, electoral fraud and “troll factories” to the use of Russian military forces both within and outside this country. Novaja Gazeta’s opponents have responded with harassment, threats and murder. Since the newspaper’s start, six of its journalists have been killed, including Anna Politkovskaja who wrote revealing articles on the war in Chechnya. Russian editor dedicated Nobel Prize to these people. Despite a lot of threats, Dmitry Muratov consistently defends the right of journalists to write anything they want about whatever they want, as long as they comply with the professional and ethical standards of journalism.
The nomination process for Nobel Peace Prize laureates
Do you know…?
- Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been presented to the Laureates at ceremonies on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. As stipulated in the will of the Alfred Nobelthe Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, while the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
- There were 329 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 (234individuals and 95 organizations). It is the third highest number of candidates ever.t
- Neither the names of nominators nor of nominees for the Nobel Peace Prize may be divulged until 50 years have elapsed.
- The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to 137 laureates – to 109 individuals and 28 organizations.
- Of the 109 individuals awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 18 are women. The first time a Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to a woman was in 1905, to Bertha von Suttner
- The youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate is Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 years old when awarded the 2014 Peace Prize.
- The oldest Nobel Peace Prize laureate is Joseph Rotblat, who was 87 years old when he was awarded the prize in 1995.
- The Vietnamese politician Le Duc Tho, awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prizeis the only person who has declined the Nobel Peace Prize. Le Duc Tho said that he was not in a position to accept the Nobel Prize, citing the situation in Vietnam as his reason.
- Jane Addams was nominated as many as 91 times between 1916 and 1931, when she was finally awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
- The Nobel Peace Prize medal was designed by Norwegian sculptor Gustav Vigeland and shows Alfred Nobel in a pose slightly different from that of the other medals.
- Each Nobel Prize diploma is a unique work of art, created by foremost Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers
Article written by Patrycja Stodółkiewicz from class 2a.
On the 27th and 28th of September our school organized a two-day trip to Olsztyn. Its aim was to get to know the area of Jura better in terms of biological and geographical topics. We were offered a lot of attractions. That was very intensive time, we learned a lot about places which we visited and we observed nature. Some part of the day and the whole night we spent in “Jurajski” hotel. Most students had rooms for 5 or 6 persons. During this school trip we had possibilities to spend very nice and interesting time with other students from class 2a. We spent with them some free time, we played volleyball, we did some walking in the area and made bracelets on a loom.
On the first day, together with the guides, we climbed Towarne mountains and „Olsztyński Giewont”, that is Biakło. While we were standing at the top of Sokola Mountain, we saw the Olsztyn Castle. The next day we found Koralowa Cave. During our walk we saw a very old and beautiful quarry, where we had the opportunity to collect several types of rocks. Many people managed to “mine” a piece of calcite, sulfur, flint and galena. We also completed maps from the whole trip.
The excursion was a very interesting adventure, good fun and training for us. Everybody was happy and we would like to enjoy more trips!
news and pictures by Julia Caban and Maja Deska from 1 F, edited by Ms J. Wołkowicka
The event took place on September 17, 2021 in Kamyk. An integration trip was organized with all the first grades of our school. As a result of the fact that there were a lot of us, we traveled by separate buses. When our class arrived, we were waiting impatiently for the arrival of the next first classes. While we were waiting for them, I said to my friend Ola that we would start dancing various dances so that we would not be cold, because the weather at that time was moderate. People from all classes joined us while we were dancing. We danced, among others “Belgian girl”, “kaczuszki” and “chocolate” During the last dance, the rest of the classes d, e and f arrived. When it turned out that everyone was there, presentations of the classes began. It was such a contest. Our class danced a dance and we read a poem. Other classes also danced, read, sang and even played the flute. It was amazing. After presenting all the classes, there was a “disco”. We all danced, we got to know each other in the meantime and it was great. Later it was time for dinner. There were chickens, potatoes and salad. There were also sweets such as cakes or cookies. We were also offered lemonade or compote. Waiting for the verdict of which class performed the best, we continued to dance and had a good time. When it was time to decide on the competition, each class gathered at the stage and listened to the verdict. It turned out that our class was the winner of this competition. We were very happy. After the evaluation, we continued the dance, unfortunately it was the last minutes of our stay in Kamyk. At the end we all gathered and danced the last “Belgian girl”. It was an amazing day!
news prepared by Sandra Harabas from class 1 A, edited by Ms J. Wołkowicka
photos by Natalia Koźbiak and Zuzanna Tatarczyk
It was a beautiful sunny day on September 11, 2001. On that day in New York, the sun rose at 6.33 a.m. The first offices in the WTC opened at around 7. Everything seemed to be routine. Nothing foretold the horrific tragedy that was to unfold within hours and that would change the USA and the entire world forever.
At around 9 a.m., Al-Queda-affiliated terrorists hijacked passenger planes and launched attacks on the twin towers of WTC in New York and part of the Pentagon building in Arlington. A planned fourth strike was thwarted by passengers, who fought the terrorists. The machine crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
In total, 2,977 individuals died in the attacks, not including the hijackers (six Poles). 6,291 people were injured and 26 are still believed to be missing. In a single day, the New York City Fire Department lost 343 officers – the most among all emergency services. As many as 75 fire stations lost at least one firefighter.
Twenty years after the 9/11 attacks, the World Trade Center’s towers rise in New York City, amidst which sits a memorial to the nearly 3,000 victims of the attacks that stabbed America and the world in the heart. Despite the progress of the rebuilding project, thousands of people still get sick from the toxic smoke that drifted from the nearby buildings (more than 111,000 people are covered by a special treatment programme).
During the annual commemoration of the attack at Ground Zero, the full list of names of all those who died is read out.
The only difference this year was that the reading of the list was pre-recorded and then played back,rather than transmitted live as in previous years.
Current US President Joe Biden participated in the ceremony. Earlier, his message to the nation was also shared on Twitter, where, among other things, he mentions the unity of his countrymen in difficult times.Other notable individuals who attended the event included former presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama.George W. Bush, the President of the United States who was in office at the time of the terrorist attack, attended the ceremony in Pennsylvania.
Undoubtedly, the current situation in Afghanistan is greatly affecting the atmosphere of these celebrations. The Taliban’s have returned to power as they did twenty years ago. Both Afghan veterans and Afghans living in the USA cannot hide their bitterness after the recent events.
After two decades, the New York tragedy that occurred on September 11, 2001, has been subdued by the media. The anniversary editions of the press are dominated by reports and interviews with survivors. However, it is with the help of photographs, as the first impulse showing the enormity of the tragedy, that the image of the immensity of the suffering which befell the American people on September 11, 2001, has been consolidated in the collective memory.
We think it’s always a good idea to watch some movies about WTC attacks. There is a list below – some movies worth watching:
· “102 Minutes – The Attack on WTC” (“102 Minuty, Atak na World Trade Center”) – a documentary film awarded with Emmy Award in 2009. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMAFvKJvwMc&t=373s
· “Fahrenheit 9.11”
· “Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close” (2011) – “Strasznie głośno, niesamowicie blisko”
· “Reign over me” (2007) – “Zabic wspomnienia”
· “The Report” (2019) – ” Raport”
· “The Reluctant Fundamentalist” (2012) – “Uznany za fundamantalistę”
· “Worth” (2020)- “Ile warte jest ludzkie życie?”
· “United 93” (2006) – “Lot 93”
· “Zero Dark Thirty” (2012) – “Wróg numer jeden”
· “World Trade Center”
· “Remember me” (2010) – “Twój na zawsze”
You can read more about the plots, actors etc. on: https://www.cfr.org/blog/seven-movies-worth-watching-about-911
Written by Natalia Ślusarczyk from class 3f, edited by Mrs M.Kossak-Wąchała
Each country has its own traditional and unique clothing. China has a long story and through 3000 years people created many traditions and national costumes. In China there are 4 well-known outfits as Chinese people wear traditional clothes for special occasions like wedding, national days or birthdays.
The name “Hanfu” comes from people who belong to the Han ethnicity. It comes from a legend about Huangdi’s spouse – Leizu who made silk clothing. The clothing was constantly improved over the next generations. At first it was worn by the Hanfu dynasty and ruling class and later became a national costume. For many years it was improved, various accessories were added, such as jewellery, which showed Chinese culture. Over the years, many great and formal Hanfu styles have developed.
2. . Qipao (Cheongsam)
Cheongsam comes from the Manchu women’s chongpao (which is long gown) of the Qing Dynasty. The Manchu people were also called the Qi people, so their long gown was named qipao (Qi gown).
Cheongsam is a classic dress for Chinese people which combines elegance and tradition. It’s designed to show female form, beauty, but it’s also an illusion of long legs. There are many rules how to wear properly Qipao.
3. Tang Suit
The tang suit is often a type of Chinese jacket rather than a clothing. The name comes from overseas Chinese. The Tang Empires was famous for being powerful so foreigners called them The Tang people and they clothes were called “Tang suits”. Nowadays, more and more young people like to take traditional marriage in China. Many young couple choose to get married in the Tang Suit.
4. Zhongshan Suit or Mao Suit
It’s a male clothing named after dr Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen) after founding the Republic of China in 1912. After the chairman Mao Zedong was seen wearing this outfit, it was named “Mao Suit”. After Sun Yat-sen’s death there’s the theory that the suit has patriotic meaning.
Written by Olga Dyner from class 2a, edited by M.Kossak.
On September 4, 2021 for the first time in the new school year, we went on a qualified tourism trip to Beskid Mały under the supervision of Ms Roma Ociepa and in the company of Ms Joanna Wołkowicka and Ms Marzena Kossak-Wąchała. We started our trip in Kocierska pass (718 m), from where we travelled along the red trail to Potrójna (884 m) and then to Łamana Skała (929 m). We were accompanied by beautiful weather, which only emphasised the extraordinary landscape. After a short break to regenerate, we set off for our destination – Leskowiec (922 m). We travelled a long way, where we could admire beautiful views, and afterwards our efforts were rewarded with delicious sour soup in the PTTK Leskowiec hostel. We also visited Groń Jana Pawła II and took lots of photos of the local vegetation. The next trip will take place on September 19. Route: Poręba-Kamiennik-Przełęcz Sucha-Łysina-Lubomir-Łysina-Schronisko PTTK Kudłacze-Działek-Poręba. See you on the trail!
News and photos by Cezary Kołodziejczyk from class 3j and Marcin Szewczyk from class 3e, edited by Ms J. Wołkowicka
On the 26th of June 2021, students from classes: 2e, and 2j, together with our teachers – Ms Roma Ociepa and Ms Joanna Wołkowicka, took part in a trip of qualified tourism to Beskid Żywiecki. We started our journey with the march from Sobolówka, heading to Kotarz pass. At the beginning of our trip, the sky was cloudy, the air was moist, and hiking trails full of mud after the recent storms. Track from Mała Rycerzowa to Wielka Rycerzowa, was steep, but the effort was worth it. After descent to Bacówka PTTK hostel on Rycerzowa, the sky have cleared, and the temperature rose. We spent our resting time having a nice conversation in our small group. On the final stage of our trip, we were walking next to the Cicha River.
That journey was a perfect ending of 2020/21 school year. The first trip after the summer break will take place on the 4th of September, 2021. Route: Kocierska pass – Potrójna – Łamana Skała – Leskowiec – Groń Jana Pawła II – Rzyki Jagódki
See you on the trail!
news prepared by Bartosz Berski from class 2 e, photos by Cezary Kołodziejczyk from class 2 j , edited by Ms Joanna Wołkowicka
Studying can be really hard and tiring, especially if you struggle to focus or keep things neat. If you want to hear some tips on how to make your learning easier and more effective, I invite you to my presentation. I hope it will help you with your daily learning problems and give you some new ideas. We’ll focus on limiting distractions, choosing the most suitable learning method, and organizing your workspace. I hope you’ll find is interesting and useful!
Thai Van Nguyen is on mission to stop the extinction of pangolins. He founded Save Vietnam’s Wildlife in 2014 and has already rescued over 1.500 pangolins. Thai created Vietnam’s first anti-poaching unit which trains rangers on wildlife conservation. The unit also destroys illegal camps and removes wildlife traps. In 2017 he opened the first Vietnam’s pangolin education center where people can come to visit and meet real animals and raise awarness of them. The education center provides conservation courses for students and the general public. Thai also opened Vietnam’s first pangolin rehabilitation centre which has released almost 500 pangolins back into the world. He has been awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize for his contributions to pangolin conversation in Southeast Asia.
He sets a good example for all of us, as we need to realise we are the ones who destroy animal’s habitat so we the ones to help!
Written by Iga Cierpisz from 1a, edited by Ms M.Kossak
The beautiful country with the turbulent history. You must have heard about Mexico! As a tourist you see what you would like to see, sandy beaches, blue ocean, the Mayan pyramids or the Cenotes. However, how much do you know about the society and people living there?
Mexico is divided into two various social layers. There are the wealthy and the poor. The middle class is just beginning to shape. There are huge differences between both castes. I don’t solely mean what is visible to the naked eye, during the first impression, but something more, something deeper in inhabitants’ culture. Let’s scrutinize typical stages of Mexican life.
For the youngest life is the most complex and miserable. Since the day they were born, children, who originate from poorer community, have struggled with ubiquitous hurdles. They don’t have childhood. Most of them have to combine school with work. Children have many duties after classes, such as cleaning the house, cooking dinner or feeding animals. Some of them have also part-time jobs. In many houses beating, selling for sex services or exploitation is the fact commonly encountered on the daily basis. For those fortunate who attend school it is a safe place, where they may make friends and be taken care of. At the same time their peers who come form richer groups, don’t have such troubles. They don’t have to be so scared and they possess everything the poorer can only dream of. Safety, comfort and attention is what makes such things different. However, first and foremost, they have food and love, one of the most vital values in life.
There is an enormous contrast between both groups. Some children can have any toys they would dream of and some cannot. Their rattles are made out of bottles with little stones inside and they are also used as makeshift instruments. Obviously, they are deprived of such common technological gadgets as mobile phones or computers with games, so they spend a lot of time in the open air, running, playing together and inventing miscellaneous playful activities. It might seem shocking in the 21st century that those children cannot have any access to the internet and, therefore, they are so unimaginably limited with knowledge we take for granted.
What is interesting, the state of Mexico doesn’t provide equality in educational system. High quality schools are accessible only for the rich. That is why poorer families cannot afford to send their children to such schools. It is hard to improve their standards of life if they don’t have an opportunity to learn and then find well-paid jobs in the future. It sets them forever in the group of the poor.
Accommodation and food
What about places where people live? It’s so easy to say when it comes to the wealthy. They have houses, which don’t differ from acceptable standards. However, what about the poor? Very often they don’t even have basic sanitary facilities or running water, not mentioning the place such as bathroom. They live in huts in the jungle, but also in slums. Many of them have only tent-like places without walls. They are exposed to everything what lurks in the forest, especially animal attacks. Moreover, they eat very humbly. Their diet is monotonous, staple and not very nutritious. They breed also cows, chickens and goats.
Mexico is not the safest place in the world and it poses many risks to dwellers and tourists alike. Unfortunately, this country is under power of people who manage drug cartels, which is surprising because they have democratic government. In many cities everyone has to watch out for thieves and muggers who can rob or even kill. The sounds of gunshots are common. However, the worst is that adolescents are tied down to selling drugs because it is for them a fast earning. They establish cooperation with cartels and that is what determines their future if they survive.
Mexicans celebrate All Souls’ Day as a reason for joy and pleasant memories. Families create altars, which are decorated with toys and sweets for children and tequila when it comes to the graves of the adults. Almost always they place the photo of the late person as an inseparable element of the decoration. The food, which they brought, is eaten in the cemetery. This is how families celebrate with the dead. Burial places, however, differ in terms of how much money people have. The rich have elaborately ornamented and colourful tombs. The cemeteries of the poor don’t present that style at all. Families can’t afford to buy a separate place in the graveyard. That is why, after some years, the bones are pulled out and put into the boxes. This way they have space for the next relatives. As described above there are huge differences between social layers in every aspect of life. Although Mexico may be reckoned as a dangerous place with dark sides of life, it is also a charming country. Sandy beaches and the ocean encourage tourists form all over the world. There are also magnificent monuments, mainly the Mayan remnants, such as pyramids. Moreover, three fantastic theme parks are located in Mexico, Xcaret, Xplor and Xenses, which combine entertainment with history of the previous civilisations. Each of them is different and, for sure, worth visiting. Furthermore, what is vital to try is the delicious, local food, which you will not find in any other place in the world.
Also hotels provide their guests with a high standard of accommodation. Despite the fact that inhabitants don’t live according to European standards they are fantastic, cheerful, friendly people in everyday personal contact. We can learn form them how to be happy against the odds!
There are a lot of countries that are worth visiting just for once, and, definitely Mexico is one of them!
news and pictures from Iga Sękiewicz from class 2 j, edited by Ms M. Mąkowska