Christmas is a magical time in the year when families are gathering and spending time together.
In Great Britian Christmas is celebrated on the 25th December, with a Christmas dinner at midday for the whole family.
Here some some British Traditions:
1. Queen’s Message
It is quite fresh not drawn tradition. On Christmas day there is the British monarch’s broadcast. It all started in 1932 when King George V read a special speech. The broadcast turned out to be an enormous success.
Nowadays, Queen Elizabeth II continues the tradition to this day. Every year she gives her message to British people, but it became worldwide as the transmission is heard by millions of people all over the world.
2. Christmas Dinnner
Christmas Dinner is the main Christmas meal traditionally eaten at mid-day or earaly afternoon on Christmas Day.
Nowadays, the most popular set of dishes are prawns or smoked salmon at first. Then the main course almost always is turkey, sometimes goose, and for the vegetarians a nut roast served with potatoes, vegetables and stuffing with gravy and bread sauce.
3. Christmas Pudding.
After consuming the main course of Christmas Dinner, it’s time to eat some dessert, which, in this case, is Christmas Pudding.The pudding is composed of many dried fruits held together by egg and suet, flavoured with cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, ginger, and other spices. The pudding is usually aged for a month or more, or even a year; the high alcohol content of the pudding prevents it from spoiling during this time.
4. Christmas Crackers
Christmas Crackers have been a part of the traditional British Christmas since 1847, when almost by accident, Tom Smith invented the cracker. They are used to decorate the table at dinner.
A cracker consists of a segmented cardboard tube wrapped in a brightly decorated twist of paper with a prize in the middle, making it resemble an oversized sweet-wrapper. There’s always a cracker for everyone next to Christmas table.
Although it reminds sweet, in reality it is not. After the cracker is opened we can see our prize. It might be some paper crown or a joke etc. One example of a joke is:
“Where can you find a cow? “In a moooooseum”
Mistletoe was considered sacred by the people of ancient Britain. The Druid priests used it in their sacrifices to the gods. It was believed to have magical properties. People who met under a tree bearing mistletoe were forbidden to fight, even if they were enemies, and anyone who entered a home decorated with mistletoe found the shelter and protection.
The custom of kissing under Mistletoe comes from England. There is a limit to how much you can kiss under one sprig of mistletoe though. For each kiss a berry must be removed and once all the berries are gone – no more kissing!
In Scottish Merry Christmas is ‘Blithe Yule’; in Gaelic it’s ‘Nollaig Chridheil’; in Welsh it’s ‘Nadolig Llawen’, in Cornish it’s ‘Nadelik Lowen’ and Manx it’s ‘Nollick Ghennal’.
News prepared by Wiktor Machoń from 2d, edited by Mrs. M.Kosssak
Did you know that Prince Charles turns 70 today? Here’s some fancy facts about the Prince of Wales. Find something you did not know! Enjoy!
BTW, Britain Magazine is a MUST for you to follow on social media websites!
added by Ms Joanna Wołkowicka
November 11th is a memorial day of the soldiers who died on the First World War.The date memorializes signing a peace armistice between Germans and other countries. On this day at 11 o’clock in honour of the soldiers there is a two- minute silence. Everyone stops doing his chores and shows a respect to our ancestors.
Remembrance Day is also called the Poppy Day because of poppies worn as a memory sign. The poppies are sold every year by The British Royal Legion. An income is given to veterans. It’s celebrated in countries like Great Britain, New Zealand or Canada.
One of the traditional places to commemorate is a cenotaph in Whitehall in London. On the cenotaph we can glimpse a superscription “The Glorious Dead” with dates “1914-1919” and “1939-1945”. There are also three Union Jacks in the middle of it
Starting at 11am this month, the service will honor the contribution of British and Commonwealth military and civilian servicemen and women involved in the two World Wars and later conflicts.
This year, with Remembrance Sunday falling on the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War, we expect a greater number of people to want to view the ceremony. As part of the event, participants may bring wreaths with them to be laid at the Cenotaph. There will also be an additional event, the Nation’s Thank You procession taking place immediately after The Royal British Legion parade.
News prepared by Patrycja Boral from1b. Edited by Ms M.Kossak-Wąchała
The Origins of Halloween
Halloween goes back to pagan times. It is based on the Celtic feast for the dead called Samhain- the Lord of Death. Halloween was the eve of the Celtic New Year. It began on the evening of 31, October and continued until the next day. The Celts believed that ghosts, witches, black cats and evil spirits returned to earth on that night. Ghosts were thought to be the souls of the dead. People were afraid of evil spirits so they made bonfires to frighten them away. They also put on animal skins and masks to protect themselves. If the bonfire went out, they all ran home as fast as they could because they thought that the devil would catch the last person.
The colours of Halloween- orange and black- are of Celtic origin, too.
Orange was the colour of the harvest and black was the colour of winter and long dark nights.
During Christian times the date became known as All Hallows’ Eve, the evening of hallows (saints). Later it became Halloween. In the 8th century the Church decided to call 1, November All Saints’ Day. It was the time to pray for the dead and honour the saints.
Halloween Celebrations Today
On Halloween children enjoy wearing different scary costumes. They dress up like witches, ghosts, skeletons, monsters, vampires or aliens. In the evening they go from house to house and ring the bell. When the door opens they shout “trick-or-treat?” and people give them some sweets or money. If they don’t get a treat, they play tricks on the house and its owners. The tradition of “trick or treating” originated in Ireland and was brought to the USA in the 19th century.
Another popular tradition is to make jack-o’-lanterns. A jack-o’-lantern is a carved out pumpkin with holes for the eyes, nose and mouth. It has a candle inside which gives light. Some people claim that candle flames that flicker on October,31 touched by the spirits of the dead. A lot of schools organize Halloween parties and different games. One of them is called “bobbing for apples”.
Everybody must try to take an apple out of the water with teeth only. It is difficult because the apples float in the bowl of water and it is not allowed to use hands!Some adults also organize evening parties. They eat apples, nuts and sweets, and tell spine- chilling stories or listen to music.
Nowadays Halloween is a very happy holiday and it is popular not only in the USA and Great Britain but also in many other countries.
News prepared by Karolina Mietelska from 1g.
On 31st November our school organised a Halloween disguise competition. The student in the best costume was the winner. One of the students was Zosia Kandora from 3g (photos taken by Karol Baryła from 1f)
“The World of English”
“Seasons and Celebrations”
World-famous music stars going on a tour all around the world became a daily part of every news show. But information about former presidential married couple going on a tour has suprised many. For those who thought that it would be a bunch of music shows, sadly we have to inform you that it won’t be anything like that.
Democratic presidential candidate for 2016, Hillary Clinton, and her husband Former President Bill Clinton decided to travel the U.S. and Canada, and visit 13 cities starting this year in November, and finishing in May 2019. The events called “An Evening with President Bill Clinton and former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton” are produced by Live Nation, and will focus on stories and inspiring anecdotes that shaped their historic careers in public service. According to the tour’s organizer, they will also include ‘’discussing issues of the day, and looking towards the future’’. We shouldn’t forget that Live Nation has handled tours of the biggest music stars such as Beyonce, Taylor Swift and Bruno Mars.
“Attendees will have the opportunity to hear one-of-the-kind conversations with the two leaders, as they tell their stories from some of the most impactful moments in modern history” – Live Nation says. We know from the past, that both politicians were placed in the center of a few controversies. For example, Hillary participated in one of the most controversial and unpredictable presidential elections of all time. The tour’s organizer stated that because of what happend “they provide a unique perspective on the past and remarkable insight into where we go from here”.
For attending one of the events, you will have to pay about 745$. That’s a really high price, so I think that all of us are wondering if their utterances are worth it.
Personally I think that these events can bring a new perspective into the U.S. politics and also they may change the way we perceive the Clintons. Of course, the change can be for the better or for the worse.
News prepared by Magdalena Szyda from 1g.
Moreover, if interested, you can read a great book about Hillary and written by Hillary. An English version is entitled “Living History”, but it has its Polish version too: “Tworząc Historię”. The book is quite thick but really worth reading!
Added by Ms M.Kossak-Wąchała
Looking forward to Halloween we would like to take you to some spookiest places in the world ! Can you keep a cool head …?
- Nagoro is a creepy Japanese village where dolls replace the departed. It might make you question the reality. Eleven years ago, Tsukimi Ayano returned home to Nagoro and she has populated the village with dolls.
2. The hill of crosses in Lithuania is a unique sacral place, amazing and the only one in the world.
3. In Sagada, Philippines, the dead are buried in coffins which are tied or nailed to the side of cliffs. This practise is over 2000 years old.
4. The Door to Hell, Turkmenistan. At the heart of Turkmenistan’s Karakum Desert sits a crater of fire the size of a football field that’s been perpetually burning now for almost fifty years. Locals have suitably dubbed it the ‘Door To Hell’, officially it’s known as the Darvaza Gas Crater.
5. Psychiatric Hospital in Zofiówka. The hospital was an uneasy place from the beginning ,but the occupation brought exceptionally hard times. During the liquidation in 1942 ,110 people were murdered there and the rest were transported to Treblinka. A lot of people say that the windows are showing figures walking at night through the corridors of the building.
6. Old Changi Hospital in Singapour,During the II World War, it served as a place of torture of the Japanese secret political police. In the ruins live ghosts of Japanese soldiers, people murdered during the occupation and patients who died there. You can see there a man walking down the corridor, a woman appearing and disappearing in the hospital rooms and bleeding soldiers of the Japanese army. And all this in the accompaniment of loud beats and screams of unexplained origin.
7. The Island of the Dolls, Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico. The Island of the Dolls, originally owned by Don Julián Santana, is full of dolls hanging from trees and buildings covered with cobwebs and insects. The place was named during the 1950s when the owner began to hang them as protection against evil spirits.
8. Hotel Banff Springs. Haunted hotel situated in Canada. This place has scary stories of ghosts and apparitions. Guests see demons of a burning bride and a young boy.
9. Aokigahara. A forest in Japan. Young boys and girls commit suicide or they attempt it in this place. This forest has a very bad power.
10. Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum. The gothic stone structure of this old place just looks haunted, it’s no suprise there are ghost stories associated with this Civil War-era hospital. Construction began in 1858 and were used as a camp for Union Soliders. Originally built to house 250 patients, but in one time there were 2400 patients jammed into overcrowded, poor conditions. The hospital closed in 1994, but eventually was reopened as a tourist destination. Witnesses have reported doors slamming and bloodcurdling screams from within the buliding’s walls.
news co-prepared by students from class 1 B – Julia Psonka, Jakub Próba, Oliwia Piech, Justyna Wawrzyniak, Zuzanna Biernat, Wiktoria Majchrzak and Zuzanna Margas.
edited by Ms Joanna Wołkowicka