On Thursday, June 9th, five students from class 2A (group 1) and 4 students from class 3k (group 1) along with an English teacher, Proffesor Marzena Kossak-Wąchała, took part in a lecture entitled
„President Ronald Reagan, Prime Minister Thatcher, and Pope John Paul II”.
The lecture was given by Peter M. Robinson – an American author, research fellow, television host and former speechwriter for then-Vice President George H.W. Bush and President Ronald Reagan. He completed his studies at Oxford and after Oxford, Robinson applied for a position at the White House. He was transferred to President Reagan’s staff as a special assistant and speechwriter, where he wrote the famed 1987 “ Tear down this wall” address. The speech, delivered by Reagan at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin on 12 June 1987, contained a memorable sentence: “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” Mr Robinson is currently the host of Uncommon Knowledge, an interview show by Stanford’s Hoover Insitution in California. He is also a research fellow at this Institution as well as a co-founder of the Ricochet website.
The exposition was organized by The WSB University as part of the Fund for Support of Science co-financed by the Górnośląsko-Zagłebiowską Metropolia and started at 3p.m on Zoom platform.
Not only was it a great English lesson for us but also a solid dose of knowledge from history. The lecture revolved around the end of Cold War and three particular figures who played indispensable roles: Ronald Reagan, Minister Thatcher, and Pope John Paul II. We hear a great deal from historians these days that history is a matter of large and personal forces and individuals can only play small or insignificant roles. Peter Robinson, however, presented his view on it and talked through this one moment in history when things could not have happened as they happened and when they happened without these three remarkable individuals. The Pope helped ordinary Poles and East Europeans banish their fear of Soviet Communism, convincing them that liberation was possible. The Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher restored her country’s failing economy by reviving the “vigorous virtues” of the British people. The American president rebuilt America’s military power, its national morale, and its pre – eminence as leader of the free world. Together they brought down an evil empire and changed the world for the better.
The lecture was fortified with some videos of discussed characters’ speeches what made the lecture even more compelling. At the end of the meeting participants had a chance to put a question to Peter Robinson, which one of our students did! We were really glad and grateful that we could listen to this lecture and learn a lot of interesting facts. We are looking forward to the next one….
Wikipedia, photos from WSB
Written by Patrycja Stodółkiewicz from class 2a, edited by Ms M.Kossak-Wąchała
Many celebrities were seen during the Platinum Jubilee. Some of them were even taking a big part in the celebrations. An enormous number of 150 people named as national treasures were put in different decker buses and each bus was a representation of a certain decade of the last 70 years. The photo is showing Kate Moss and Naomi Campbell who were leading the 90’s bus.
During the Jubilee Pageant Queen Elizabeth II was not seen in person. However, a hologram of the Queen was put in a golden carriage. This part of the parade was accompanied by military units. While the Queen wasn’t present in the pageant, she showed up in a quick video from the palace. In the video, she was seen having tea with Paddington, a British bear famous thanks to the book and movie series with the same name. They were talking about their shared love for marmalade sandwiches.
The Queen was present at the Trooping the Colour parade but it was her grandson, the youngest child of Kate and William – Louis who stole the show. He was misbehaving, as a child on such occasions often does and there are quite a lot of photos where an audience can see him making silly faces and gestures.
James Bond also made an appearance at the Queen’s Jubilee. At the “Party at the Palace” taking place on Saturday, actor Daniel Craig was shown paying tribute to the Queen. The next day, during the Platinum Jubilee Pageant some of the cars from James Bond movies were displayed.
Member of the iconic band Queen, Brian May also had his share of Platinum Jubilee surprises. He entered the stage during the Jubilee concert with a big figure showing Queen Victoria by his side.
At the Platinum Party at the Palace spectators were surprised when 400 drones lit up the sky showing some of the things associated with Her Majesty. Some of the light work showed number 70, a cup of tea with a teakettle, and my personal favourite – a corgi.
news written by Maja Suchecka from 3B, edited by Ms J. Wołkowicka
On Thursday in London, the annual Trooping the Color parade was held. It was attended by 1,500 soldiers, 400 members of military orchestras, and 250 horses. The participants of the march departed from Buckingham Palace, walked through the representative avenue The Mall, and the parade square where the military inspection was held, and then returned to Buckingham Palace. Queen Elizabeth II watched the parade from the palace balcony.
The culmination of the ceremony was the flight of several dozen Royal Air Force planes and helicopters over London. Typhoon fighter squad made “70” in the sky. Members of the British royal family, eighteen to be exact, watched the show from the balcony of the palace. Although the greatest enthusiasm of those gathered in front of Buckingham Palace was caused by the appearance of Elizabeth II. four-year-old Prince Louis, the youngest son of Prince William and Princess Kate also drew a lot of attention. During the flight of the planes, the boy covered his ears with his hands several times, and look quite unpleased.
Definitely, It was Louis’ hijinx which unequivocally stole the show! He stuck his tongue out, had his hand over his mother’s mouth and it looked like she was telling him to behave. Then he yawned dramatically, looking like a tiny thunderclowd he sat on his Grandpa Charles’ lap.
All of Britain waited for the royal family to appear on the balcony. It hasn’t happened since 2019, which is why it caused great excitement from the audience. Unfortunately, Prince Harry, his wife Meghan, and the queen’s son, Prince Andrew, did not appear among the royal family. Although young couple attended the jubilee itself.
On Thursday evening in front of Buckingham Palace and 2,000 other places across the UK and its overseas territories, many light signals are planned to be lit creating a chain to symbolize unity.
Article written by Hanna Fijałkowska from class 3k, edited by Ms Kossak-Wąchała
On Saturday, members of the royal family appeared at the Epsom Downs racetrack, where they watched the 243rd edition of the famous Derby horse race. Later In the evening the “Platinium Party at The Palace” took place, it was a musical moment to celebrate an extraordinary jubilee. Tens of thousands of Brits and tourists from all over the world gathered in front of Buckingham Palace.
Due to the fact that Elizabeth II was not present at the event, the full attention was focused on Prince Charles and the younger generation of royals. The event was attended by many members of the royal family, led by the heir to the throne Prince Charles and his wife Princess Camilla, as well as Prince William and Princess Kate and the children who had stolen the entire show. However, Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan weren’t there. Meghan Markle and Prince Harry’s relationship with some members of the Royal Family remains “very, very frosty” despite snaps of them interacting with royals at the Trooping the Colour ceremony. Harry and Meghan returned to the UK for the celebrations on June 1, but as non-working royals, the couple were excluded from making a public balcony appearance with the likes of Prince William and Kate Middleton.
During the concert, Prince Charles paid tribute to the queen. The heir to the throne addressed her from the stage with the word “mommy”. The whole speech was moving and the crowd absolutely adored it.
At the beginning of the concert, we got a dose of British humor – Elizabeth II received a cup of tea at the palace with Paddington Bear! Soon after, Queen + Adam Lambert entered the stage and amused the audience with “We Will Rock You”. They were accompanied by drummers from the Royal Marines with snare drums.
Alicia Keys astonished the audience after she sang “Empire State of Mind”, which tells about New York. Before the song, however, she mentioned that the British capital always reminds her of New York. Later, she likely noticed the audience’s confusion and changed New York to London in the text.
Next, the taped performance of “Your Song” played by Elton John in one of the rooms of Windsor Castle was broadcast, and at the end of the song, a huge corgi dog made by floating drones appeared above the palace!
Article written by Hanna Fijałkowska from class 3k, edited by Ms Kossak-Wąchała.
Everybody who would like to improve English has many options to choose from. Always remember that you can learn English in many different circumstances, using different sources, surprisingly…even the court trial…
After 6 years of fighting for the truth Johnny Depp has won his defamation case against ex-wife Amber Heard. The trail took place in Virginia, United States of America in Fairfax County Courthouse.
For the last couple weeks we were able to watch live what was happening in the courtroom. We saw the evidence that each team presented to the jury. We heard testimonies from witnesses from both sides. The verdict was announced on Wednesday 1st June 2022. It came five days after the closing arguments.
While listening to the lawyers we could hear many words connected with law. We would like to present you some of them and tell you what they actually mean. We will start with some generl ones:
“LAWSUIT” – a legal dispute that’s decided in a courtroom; also called a “TRIAL”
“COURTROOM” – the place with the judge, lawers, etc;
“PLAINTIFF” – the one making the complaint (J.Depp);
“DEFENDANT” – the one trying to prove she’s not responsible for doing the things that he’s accusing her of doing (A.Heard)
“TESTIMONY” – a formal statement that is made about what people saw, heard etc, after having promised to tell the truth
It goes without saying that there were a lot of “OBJECTIONS”. This is the way of informing the judge that the other person’s evidence or testimony shouldn’t be allowed. Then lawyers have to say why they object and give a good reason. Let’s study some of them below:
“OBJECTION HEARSAY” means that a person testified as to what they know to be true.
“OBJECTION, NO FOUNDATION” means that a person failed to explain the background circumstances of how they know the information that they are testifying about.
“OBJECTION, LEADING” means that the other side asks the question which leads the witness to a certain answer.
“OBJECTION, NON-RESPONSIVE” means that a person starts responding to a question with information that is completely unrelated to the question.
“OBJECTION, CALL FOR SPECULATION” means that a person doesn’t know if the statement was true or not but testifies about it or a question that is posed can only be answered by using speculation.
Every time when the judge agreed that the objection was right, she said “I SUSTAIN THE OBJECTION”. But when she didnot she said “OVERRULED” or “I ALLOW IT”.
Some other words used in the courtroom and their definitions:
“OATH” is a promise to tell the truth;
“JUROR” is a person who is on the jury;
“CROSS EXAMINATION” is questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side;
“ALLEGATION” is a claim ar assertion that someone hasa done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof;
“EVIDENCE” is an information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other;
“EXHIBIT” is a document or material object produced and identified in court or before an examiner for use as evidence;
“VERDICT” is the decision of a petit jury or a judge.
“WITNESS” is a person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury.
You can watch some useful film on youtube to learn more:
Article written by Klaudia Wosik, Maja Olszewska and Maja Podsiadło from class 1f, edited by Ms M.Kossak
Crossrail, or the Elizabeth line as it is now known, is a 118 kilometers long railway line in south-east England. It runs from Essex in the east to Berkshire in the west, cutting underground through central London.
On May 17, Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the new Elizabeth line, at Paddington Station in London. It was so unexpected for many, especially because the Queen was missing a part of events due her health problems.
For the oficial visit, she was joined by her youngest son, Prince Edward, and Prime Minister Boris Johnson. “We’re all incredibly touched and moved and grateful to her Majesty for coming to open the Elizabeth Line today,” Johnson said. “It was fantastic to see her.”
The Queen was very all smiles when she met with the train workers. She was also given an Oyster card and shown how to use it on a ticket machine.
Buckingham Palace called that “a happy development”, revealing “the organisers were informed of the possibility she may attend.”
The Crossrail project had cost 18,8 billion pounds to put together and after a number of setbacks it is finally open after 4 years of delay! Mayor of London Sadig Khan said the line would deliver a £42 billion boost to the whole UK economy and create hundreds of thousands of new jobs. Many travel-weary commuters from the suburbs will find their journey times being slashed significantly as a result of the project.
Let’s watch a short but interesting film about it:
Written by Radek Musiał from class 1f, edited by M.Kossak
I’m so pleased to say that our class- 1f (group 2) had a second chance to attend the BBC Live Lesson. That one conducted by English, native speaker- Dan Shepherd was entitled: ,,A high cost of a University education’’. There were also Belgians, Serbs, Peruvians and Russians. It was pretty noteworthy to read how university life looks different in some countries around the world. I have to mention that it was thought-provoking to confront with other person opinion about students’ life. We were also able to take a vote in the short survey using Menti.com. A big number of us agreed that students have to go through very tough time during university. The most terrific part was talking with the man live! A lot of people in our group have found the courage to say something and test themselves in having a short conversation with a native speaker. It was a very practical experience for the future. I’m sure we have expanded vocabulary, understanding the language, but the main thing, speaking English on a high level. the There’s no denying that it was remarkable, educational and unforgettable meeting. We look forward to the next lessons!
Written by Karolina Stemplewska from class 1f, edited by Ms.M.Kossak
Japanese cuisine is getting really popular nowdays. The Japanese diet is very fit and healthy. The most popular Japanese dishes usually have a soft taste. The Japanese chefs follow one rule – they don’t use too much spices. Isn’t it too bland then? Not really…. Everyone who decides to eat the dish can season the dish according to their own needs. The Japanese assume, however, that the excessive amount of spices only causes the loss of the original flavor of the carefully prepared dish. The most popular dishes are: sushi, dango and onigiri.
1. Sushi (すし)
Sushi is a dish known all over the world. It’s a dish prepared of vinegared rice, usually with some sugar and salt, accompanied by a variety of ingredients, such as seafood, often raw, and vegetables.
For the rice
300g sushi rice, 100ml rice wine vinegar, 2 tbsp golden caster sugar
For the Japanese mayonnaise
3 tbsp mayonnaise, 1 tbsp rice wine vinegar, 1 tsp soy sauce
For the sushi
25g bag nori (seaweed) sheets, choose from the following fillings: cucumber strips, smoked salmon, white crabmeat, canned tuna, red pepper, avocado, spring onion
To serve with all styles of sushi
wasabi (optional), pickled ginger, soy sauce
How to prepare
1. To make sushi rolls: Pat out some rice. Lay a nori sheet on the mat, shiny-side down. Dip your hands in the vinegared water, then pat handfuls of rice on top in a 1cm thick layer, leaving the furthest edge from you clear.
2. Spread over some Japanese mayonnaise. Use a spoon to spread out a thin layer of mayonnaise down the middle of the rice.
3. Add the filling. Get your child to top the mayonnaise with a line of their favourite fillings – here we’ve used tuna and cucumber.
4. Roll it up. Lift the edge of the mat over the rice, applying a little pressure to keep everything in a tight roll.
5. Stick down the sides like a stamp. When you get to the edge without any rice, brush with a little water and continue to roll into a tight roll.
6. Wrap in cling film. Remove the mat and roll tightly in cling film before a grown-up cuts the sushi into thick slices, then unravel the cling film.
7. To make pressed sushi: Layer over some smoked salmon. Line a loaf tin with cling film, then place a thin layer of smoked salmon inside on top of the cling film.
8. Cover with rice and press down. Press about 3cm of rice over the fish, fold the cling film over and press down as much as you can, using another tin if you have one.
9. Tip it out like a sandcastle. Turn block of sushi onto a chopping board. Get a grown-up to cut into fingers, then remove the cling film.
10. To make sushi balls: Choose your topping. Get a small square of cling film and place a topping, like half a prawn or a small piece of smoked salmon, on it. Use damp hands to roll walnut-sized balls of rice and place on the topping.
11. Make into tight balls. Bring the corners of the cling film together and tighten into balls by twisting it up, then unwrap and serve.
2. Dango (だんご)
Dango is a Japanese dumpling made from rice flour mixed with uruchi rice flour and glutinous rice flour. It is different from the method of making mochi, which is made after steaming glutinous rice. Dango is usually finished round shaped, three to five dango are often served on a skewer. Generally, dango comes under the category of wagashi, and is often served with green tea. It is eaten year-round, but the different varieties are traditionally eaten in given seasons.
120g Sticky Rice Powder, 120g Tofu, 3 Tablespoons Sugar, 1 Tablespoon Green Tea Powder, 2 Drops Food Colouring (Red)
How to prepare
1. Mix the Sticky Rice, the Tofu and the sugar to form a certain kind of dough for making Dango. Make a round ball with the dough.
2. Split your round ball into three pieces. Add the green tea powder to one of the pieces. Mix it with your hands until it has gotten a uniform green colour. Leave the second piece of the dough as it is and now add 2 Drops of red food colouring to the third piece. Mix it with your hands until it has gotten a red uniform colour.
3. Now divide each of your three pieces of dough into five parts. Now you should have 15 parts of dough. Five will be red, five white, and the remaining five green. Form each of the 15 parts into balls by rolling them with your palms.
4. Boil the 15 pieces of dough for about 2 to 3 minutes. Then, let them cool down. Then, take 3 pieces of dough each different colour. Get a skewer and pierce the 3 pieces of dough on. The order doesn’t really matter but it’s more traditional in Japan to put the green one on first, then the white, and finally, then the red.
3. Onigiri (おにぎり)
It’s a Japanese food made from white rice formed into triangular or cylindrical shapes and often wrapped in nori. Traditionally, an onigiri is filled with pickled ume (umeboshi), salted salmon, katsuobushi, kombu, tarako, mentaiko, takanazuke (pickled takana) or any other salty or sour ingredient as a natural preservative. Most Japanese convenience stores stock their onigiri with various fillings and flavors.
300g/10½oz Japanese short grain rice, 1–1.5 large nori sheets (approx. 20cm/8in square)
For the umeboshi filling (optional)
5cm/2in kombu (approx. 5g/⅛oz), soaked in cold water for 10 minutes, 2 tsp soy sauce, 1 tsp sake, 1 tsp mirin, 1 tsp sugar, 2 pieces umeboshi (Japanese pickled plums), 1 tbsp sesame seeds
For the sweetcorn filling (optional)
15g/½oz unsalted butter, 1 small tin sweetcorn, drained, or ½ a corn cob, kernels cut off, 5g/⅛oz bonito flakes, 1½ tsp soy sauce, pinch sea salt
How to prepare
1. Wash the rice in five changes of water. Drain in a colander, transfer to a pan and leave to soak in about 400ml/14fl oz water for about an hour.
2. Cover with a lid and bring to the boil over a medium–low heat – this should take 10–15 minutes. There is no need to open the lid: you will hear the rice bubbling, or see when the bubbles lift the lid. Turn the heat down to low and cook for a further 10–15 minutes (if you’ve been tempted and opened the lid, give it a little boost of high heat for 10 seconds).
3. Turn off the heat and leave the rice to steam in the pan for further 10 minutes.
4. Once it has steamed, stir up the rice from the bottom of the pan a few times, then divide into either four or six smaller portions.
5. While the rice is cooking, prepare the fillings you’d like. To make the umeboshi onigiri, take the kombu out of the water and cut it into thin strips, then simmer over a low heat with half of the soaking water, the soy sauce, sake, mirin and sugar. When most of the liquid has evaporated, take off the heat and set aside to cool.
6. Take the stones out of the umeboshi and roughly chop.
7. To shape the onigiri, wet your hands and sprinkle a small amount of salt on them, then take a portion of rice into one of your hands. Make a little hole in the middle of the rice and place half of the umeboshi and half of the kombu in the hole, then mould the rice over the filling. Keep rotating the rice ball in your hands as you gently form a triangular shape. Repeat to make either two large or three smaller rice balls.
8. To make the sweetcorn onigiri, melt the butter in a frying pan over a medium heat. Add the corn and fry for 3 minutes. Add the bonito flakes and soy sauce, stir briefly and take off the heat. Add a pinch of salt and mix with the remaining rice. Shape into two or three triangles or balls.
9. Cut the nori sheet into four or six strips. Place an onigiri at the centre of each strip of nori and fold the sides up.
Strange as the names of dishes may sound… they are worth trying because of “healthy reasons”. A traditional Japanese cuisine diet is well-balanced, featuring more fish than red meat, pickled food, plenty of vegetables and rise. It involves little highly processed food and lower sugar intake. Generally speaking, this Japanese diet is low in calories and full of nutrients.
Aricle written by Zuzanna Rakowska and Amelia Widomska from class 1f, edited by M.Kossak
Pinnawala is an orphanage for elephants that have been abandoned by the herd or their family have been killed by poachers but also for those who have been hurt. This place is located in the village of Pinnawala, Sri Lanka. Such elephants are often unable to survive on their own without the help offered by human species. The tragedy is that small elephants do not survive in the wild because they are fed breast milk until the age of five. At that time there are 96 elephants alltogether in this particular orphanage.
The orphanage was established in 1975 by the Sri Lankan Department of Wildlife Conservation for elephants found in the wild to care for and protect them. In the beginning there were 5 elephants, then there were many more, until 1995. Since then, elephants have been brought to Elephant Transit Home, and in Pinnawala the number of elephants is increased only by birth.
In August 2021, the elephant Surangi gave birth to twins. It’s been the first time in 80 years. Twins in elephants are very rare because one of them often does not survive.
On the Internet there are different opinions about the orphanages in general. There are many pictures of elephants with chains on their legs or of people with sticks next to the elephants. But we sholud not forget it’s just for the safety of people. A full-grown elephant can weigh more than 4 tons. Male elephants are very aggressive during reproduction, which is why you need a chain and many experienced people to tame them up to create a safe place for everyone. Lots of people shout that elephants are being abused and tied to one place. For example, the Ceylon elephant eats practically all day long. There are almost 100 elephants in the Pinnawala, so they must eat at a given time in order to eat the right amount,. That is why they are tied so that they do not go away and leave food. I have been and seen everything by myself! There is one conclusion coming out… Being there, I did not notice any aggression towards the elephants. People evaluate the orphanage negatively by not being there and not seeing what the real situation is.
Olga’s own photos and experience from the trip to Sri Lanka and the following page:
Article written by Olga Dyner from class 2a. Edited by Ms Kossak-Wąchała
The royals landed in St Vincent and the Grenadies on the tour to mark the Platinium Jubilee. They were given a warm welcome and greeted by scouts and a guard of honour. Governor general Dame Susan Dougan and acting prime minister Montgomery Daniel welcomed Prince Edward, the Queen’s youngest son.
But later, a small goup gathered to protest against British colonialism. When the couple were traveling to Government House in St Vincent and the Grenadines on Saturday, about 15 protesters displayed banners reading “end to colonialism” and “£ Compensation Now”.
During the tour, Prince Edward met Commonwealth Games athletes and watched a race held in honour of the Platinum Jubilee and a T10 women’s cricket match. Meanwhile, the Countess of Wessex visited a community college to watch a dance performance and met two groups – Persons With Disabilities and the Society of and for the Blind – in her role as a global ambassador for the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness. The Earl and Countess of Wessex planted a tree to mark the Queen’s 70-year reign.
photos: bbc.com ; radionewshub.com
News prepared by Radek Musiał from class 1f. Edited by Ms Kossak